Following on from my post, causes of infertility in women in women, I want to examine the treatment options available;
According to the Human fertilization and embryology Authority, 80% of couples who have regular sexual intercourse (that is, every two to three days) and who do not use contraception will get pregnant within a year.
The majority of the remaining 20% achieve a pregnancy within two years of trying.
An estimated one in seven couples has difficulty conceiving. There are several possible reasons for not getting pregnant naturally.
In men, Infertility is usually due to low numbers or poor quality of sperm.
Women become less fertile as they get older. For women aged 35, about 95% who have regular unprotected sexual intercourse will get pregnant after three years of trying. For women aged 38, only 75 % will do so. The effect of age upon men’s fertility is less clear.
Sometimes infertility problems can be due to a combination of factors. It is reported that in a third of cases, a clear cause is never established.
Where can I get help?
If you have not been able to get pregnant after two years of regular, unprotected sexual intercourse, either one or both of you may have a fertility problem.
However, you don’t need to wait that long to seek help, see your family Doctor as soon as possible, if you are concerned about the length of time.
At the initial stage: …Your doctor will take a medical history, give you a physical examination and may recommend some tests or a few change in lifestyle.
You will be offered a test, if you have been trying to get pregnant for over a year, to check that you are ovulating and your partner should be offered tests to check his sperm.
Further test will be offered (see below) if nothing is found after carrying out the above test:
Initial test includes: for Women
- Cervical smear test if you haven’t had one recently.
- Urine test for chlamydia, which can block your fallopian tubes, preventing you from becoming pregnant.
- Blood test to see if you are ovulating. This is done by measuring progesterone in a blood sample taken seven days before your period is due.
- Blood test to check for German measles (Rubella) which, if contracted during the first three months of pregnancy, can harm your unborn baby.
- Blood test during your period to check for hormone imbalances –measurement of FSH (follicle stimulating hormone, LH (luteinising hormone) and oestradiol. This test can also identify possible early menopause as a cause of subfertility.
Tests for men
- Sperm test to check for abnormalities.
- Urine test for chlamydia, which, in addition to being a known cause of infertility in women, can also affect sperm function and male fertility.
what happens next?
- If your test results are normal and you have been trying for a baby for less than 18 months, your family doctor may suggest you make a few lifestyle changes and continue trying to conceive naturally.
- If the tests reveal a possible fertility issue, your doctor will refer you to a fertility specialist, who will carry out further tests and possible treatment at your local hospital or fertility unit.
Getting help and getting it quick is very important especially if you are over 30. Although statistics shows that more people over 35 are having kids, it is important to seek help early in order to get the help you need if necessary.
my prayer and hope for you is that you will find help and in so doing, come to know the joy of having a child of your own.
Your partner in hope:
Other Related article:
Human fertilisation and embryology authority, NHS